Turkish palace of cotton – Pamukkale
One of the most interesting places that nature created, not only in Turkey but worldwide is Pamukkale. The very name of the place comes from Turkish words pamuk and kale or Fortress of cotton, but because of the rare natural phenomenon, ie due to the large expanse of deposited travertine belichesta which has a striking color. The whiteness that remotely resembles a dense cloud, with approximate take shape in the real world of the white pieces, studs, etc. basenchinja. So visitors coming from different parts, initially confused by the layout and the whiteness of the space associate of winter landscape. But soon they realize that this is an open cave ,, rich jewelry and basenchinja ,,. The most beautiful impression one gets during sunset, because such playfulness natural color, it can be seen elsewhere. Such beauty and unique phenomenon attracted people long ago. Because this area was inhabited since ancient times and there existed a small Roman city of Hierapolis, whose remains very well preserved until today. The appearance is so interesting and unique, sometimes even Pamukkale is said to be the eighth wonder of the world.
In the creation of this rare natural phenomenon, mainly participation had geological, tectonic and hydrologic conditions. This space is spring parts in several streams that converge and then flow into the river Menderes, the largest river in the area. Menderes River Valley (which flows into the Aegean Sea) is quite interesting and actually more prone to fault. Despite this major fault, there are several smaller transverse faults, and some of them are cut exactly in the area where Pamukkale. That is why the emergence of several hot springs whose waters form several streams. Due to the nature of the rocky ground, where they erupt sources, spring water contains dissolved carbonate compounds, and also rich in CO 2. But warm clear water with a temperature of 35 ° C, spilling out to the base, the deposited calcium and thereby discharged and carbon dioxide. Thus, gradually over the rocks at the base, the greater the surface istalozhuva white carbonate material (similar to the formation of the cave jewelry, except that the process takes place on the surface). In the foothills, streams unite and build Loukos River, which in turn flows into the main river in the area, Menderes. And Menderes river itself is quite picturesque, and its leading end in the Aegean Sea. From the south, the area is surrounded by Mount Babadag. Southeast of Mount Holoz, 2751 meters high, which in antiquity was called “Mountain Cadmus.” This area is seismically very active and several times by earthquakes (during the reign of Nero, Antonius Pius, Alexander of Macedonia, etc.). Hierapolis city was almost completely destroyed.There is a strong possibility these natural disasters can change the course of streams. In some underground cracks gases are building up, sometimes by smaller explosions erupt to the surface. So Dzhinovata hole in the temple of Apollo, is a place where you can observe its existence. It happens at the outbreak of the gases to suffer and some animals, especially birds.
The characteristic physical and chemical composition of the water and gives healing properties. It was known long ago, and some rulers came to bathe in Travertine basenchinja ie ponds that formed them. Water serves mainly for the treatment of cardiovascular disorders, arteriosclerosis, blood pressure, nervous disorders, skin problems and digestive tract. Especially important is the effect water has on the skin. Is evident from the many legends. So, a legend says that a girl whose beauty was not just about showing off, and no one wanted to propose, she decided to end their suffering, to take his own life by throwing himself in pools of Pamukkale from a great height. But a miracle occurred. It not only does not hurt, but emerged from the water with incredible beauty. I noticed it and a prince who accidentally passed nearby and the view he saw, he decided to immediately propose. This legend has true part because water has a rejuvenating effect on the human skin, ie it regenerates. Interesting are the sources of Karahajat, distant about 5 km from Pamukkale.Namely they have high share of CO 2, but much warmer ie with a temperature of 60 ° C, and radioactivity is 2-4 Heman. At a distance of 4 km from Pamukkale is healing million, which is also used for balneological purposes, and something beyond a warm spring Teki. This wealth with thermal mineral water was used from staroantichko time. The remains of the old baths are well preserved and some of them with a small reconstruction into use.
The previous saying that the area of Pamukkale, with its natural uniqueness and richness of cultural and historical monuments should be mandatory destination of every curious visitor to Turkey.